Patient support

Find out about the support systems in place for ZAVESCA patients.

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Other considerations while taking ZAVESCA

To make the most of ZAVESCA therapy, you and your doctor may want to consider making some changes to your diet.

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Understanding ZAVESCA® (miglustat) therapy is an important first step.
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Simple steps for making the most of ZAVESCA® (miglustat).
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Helping yourself with healthy choices.
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Zavesca Cares™ support for people taking ZAVESCA® (miglustat).
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Frequently asked questions (FAQs) about ZAVESCA® (miglustat)

How is ZAVESCA different from enzyme replacement therapy?

For adults with type 1 Gaucher disease, there are 2 ways to decrease the accumulation of fatty substances in the body. One way is by substrate reduction therapy, like ZAVESCA, where the production of fatty substances is limited or reduced. The other way is enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), where man-made enzymes are added to the body to help break down the fatty substances.1,2

Can ZAVESCA be used to treat type 1 Gaucher disease that has been previously treated with ERT?

Yes. Studies with ZAVESCA included people who had never been treated with ERT as well as people who had previously taken imiglucerase, a kind of ERT, but who had stopped at least 6 months prior to taking ZAVESCA.1

Within 6 months, people treated with ZAVESCA had improvements in 2 key areas1:

  • Reduction in the size of livers
  • Reduction in size of spleens

Your doctor will generally monitor these key areas in addition to other tests to see how you're responding to treatment.

What should I tell my doctor before taking ZAVESCA?

Before you take ZAVESCA tell your doctor if you:

  • have kidney problems
  • have any other medical conditions
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if ZAVESCA will harm your unborn baby
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if ZAVESCA passes into your breast milk. You and your doctor should decide if you will breastfeed or take ZAVESCA. You should not do both

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. ZAVESCA may affect how other medicines work.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How do I take ZAVESCA? When should I take ZAVESCA?

It's important to take ZAVESCA as prescribed by your doctor. The recommended dosage of ZAVESCA is usually 1 pill (100 mg) taken 3 times each day.1 In some cases, your doctor may have you take less, due to side effects like tremors and diarrhea. Your doctor will determine the right dose for you. You should take ZAVESCA at the same time each day. If you miss a dose of ZAVESCA, skip that dose. Take the next ZAVESCA capsule at the usual time. For example, if your prescription is for ZAVESCA 3 times a day, then take it when you first wake up, in the early afternoon, and before going to bed (or as close to 8-hour intervals as possible).

You can take ZAVESCA with or without food. Some people experience fewer GI disturbances when taking ZAVESCA without food, while others see the opposite effect. Talk with your doctor about what works best for you.

What blood tests need to be monitored when I take ZAVESCA?

No blood tests are required to take ZAVESCA. However, your doctor may want to monitor your type 1 Gaucher disease activity by taking blood samples regularly to determine your levels of hemoglobin and platelet counts. Your doctor will let you know how often to have these blood tests.

What is ZAVESCA® (miglustat)?

ZAVESCA is a prescription medicine used alone to treat adults with mild to moderate type 1 Gaucher disease.
ZAVESCA is used only in people who cannot be treated with enzyme replacement therapy.
It is not known if ZAVESCA is safe and effective in children under 18 years of age.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

What should I tell my doctor before taking ZAVESCA?

Before you take ZAVESCA tell your doctor if you:

  • have kidney problems
  • have any other medical conditions
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if ZAVESCA will harm your unborn baby.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if ZAVESCA passes into your breast milk. You and your doctor should decide if you will breastfeed or take ZAVESCA. You should not do both.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. ZAVESCA may affect how other medicines work.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I take ZAVESCA?

  • Take ZAVESCA exactly as your doctor has prescribed.

What are the possible side effects of ZAVESCA?

ZAVESCA may cause serious side effects including:

  • Numbness, tingling, pain, or burning in your hands or feet (peripheral neuropathy). Call your doctor right away if you get numbness, tingling, pain, or burning in your hands or feet. Your doctor may test your nerves (neurological exam) before you start ZAVESCA and during treatment with ZAVESCA.
  • New or worsening hand tremors (shaky movements). Tremors are common with ZAVESCA and may begin within the first month of starting treatment. Sometimes the tremors may go away between 1 to 3 months with continued treatment. Your doctor may lower your dose or stop ZAVESCA if you develop new or worsening hand tremors. Call your doctor right away if you get new hand tremors while taking ZAVESCA or if the hand tremors you already have get worse.
  • Diarrhea is common with ZAVESCA and sometimes can be serious. Your doctor may prescribe another medicine (anti-diarrheal) to treat diarrhea if it is a problem for you and may recommend changes to your diet, such as avoiding foods high in carbohydrates. Talk with your doctor about your diet if you have diarrhea.
  • Weight loss is common with ZAVESCA and sometimes can be serious. You may lose weight when you start treatment with ZAVESCA.
  • Low platelet count is common with ZAVESCA and can be serious. Your doctor may do blood tests to monitor your blood platelet count.

The most common side effects of ZAVESCA are:

  • Weight loss
  • Stomach pain
  • Gas
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache, including migraine
  • Leg cramps
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Vision problems
  • Muscle cramps
  • Back pain
  • Constipation
  • Dry mouth
  • Heaviness in arms and legs
  • Memory loss
  • Unsteady walking
  • Loss of appetite
  • Indigestion
  • Numbness, tingling, pain, or burning of your skin
  • Stomach bloating
  • Stomach pain not related to food
  • Menstrual changes

Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of ZAVESCA. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Please see full Prescribing Information, including Patient Information.

REF:

1.ZAVESCA® (miglustat) full prescribing information. Actelion Pharmaceuticals US, Inc. February 2016.
2.Elstein D, Dweck A, Attias D, et al. Oral maintenance clinical trial with miglustat for type 1 Gaucher disease: switch from or combination with intravenous enzyme replacement. Blood. 2007;110:2296-2301.